1 Centro de Histocompatibilidade do Centro, Praceta Prof. Mota Pinto
2 Immunoallergology Department, Centro Hospitalar de S. João EPE
3 Immunoallergy Department, Hospital D. Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central
4 Immunoallergology Department, Hospital Santa Maria, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Faculty of Medicine of Lisbon
5 Immunoallergology Department, Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra
Molecular Immunology 53 (2013) 431– 434
Mutations that modify the amino acid sequence of C1-INH (except Val458Met) are associated with HAE. More than 200 different mutations scattering the entire C1-INH gene have been reported. The main objective of this study was to report the mutational findings in a HAE cohort of 138 Portuguese patients followed in specialized consultation all over the country. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood with QiaSymphony BioRobot (QIAGEN Portugal). The sequence reactions were performed by using a DNA sequencing kit (Big Dye terminator cycle sequencing v1.1/v3.1 from Applied Biosystems) and sequencing products were immediately submitted to direct sequencing on an Applied Biosystem 3130 DNA Analyser. DNA sequences were analyzed at four different stages. Raw data and sequence alignments of all 8 exons and intron–exon boundaries were performed for each patient individually with SeqScape software and using SERPING1 gene NG 009625 of 24,300 bp (12-March-2011) as reference sequence. Sequence comparisons among patients and controls were performed with software CodonCode Aligner v.3.7 from CodonCode Corp and with Geneious 4.5 from Biomatters Lda. A total of 94 point mutations were observed among patients, and 67% of them were located on exon 8. In addition, we noticed one not described stop codon at position c.1459 C>T in three different patients. Translation termination was also found on exon 3 and 7, as a result of mutations at positions c.481A>7, c.1174C>T. In this population, the prevalence of the missense mutation p.Arg444Cys was 39 out of 42. Mutational analysis revealed 22 different pathogenic mutations, of which 64% were not described on HAE database. Although identification of disease causing mutations is not necessary to establish HAE diagnosis, studies on gene expression and characterization of rearrangements in SERPING1 gene are suggested in order to get new insights on function and genetic tests of C1 inhibitor.
Keywords: HAE, C1-INH, Mutations, SERPING1 gene