1- Pediatric Unit, Verona University Medical School, Piazzale A. Stefani, Verona, Italy
2- Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Unit Care, Maternal & Child Department del Ponte Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliera di Circolo Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
3- NICU, Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisboa, Portugal
- International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2017 Dec 1;14(12)
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child’s future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman’s pregnancy and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science. (…)
Preventive interventions consisting of promoting physical activity and sufficient time dedicated to sleep should be employed. In fact, short sleep duration may be associated with increased risk of developing obesity. Based on literature reviews, and given the suggestions described in this manuscript, concerted public health efforts are needed to achieve the healthy objectives for obesity and nutrition, and to fight the childhood obesity epidemic.
Palavras Chave: first 1000 days; growth; nutrition; pediatric obesity; prevention